Roman Republic - 509 to 27 BC

By Sean Taylor and Elysa Grotsky
Mentor: Marika Kungla
Expansion of Roman Republic. Rome: 41° 48' N, 12° 36' E.
Expansion of Roman Republic. Rome: 41° 48' N, 12° 36' E.

The Rise of the Romans: The Early Years
The Decline of the Romans: The Later Years

The Roman Republic at a Glance


The Roman Republic was founded in 509 BC after the monarchy of the Etruscan King Tarquinius II was overthrown. The new government created a political system in which codified laws gave people, even poor ones, a voice. During the next 363 years, Rome grew quickly from a small city state into an empire that first dominated the Italian peninsula and then the Mediterranean. However, decades of civil war, political corruption, and power-hungry generals such as Julius Caesar brought about the fall of the Roman Republic. Although the Roman Republic officially ended in 27 BC, its republican form of government ceased to exist when Julius Caesar became dictator in 46 BC.

Roman Republic Timeline