The Grade 10 Integrated Project 2009:


Peoples in History!

Ever since human beings settled down to grow their own food, their cultures have produced great achievements, great wars and destruction, and eventually their own decline or collapse. These cultures have grown and risen, had golden ages of great achievement, and finally they may have declined or even collapsed, leaving behind such legacies as monuments, books, scientific and mathematical discoveries, art, moral philosophies and religions. Sometimes they also left a trail of destruction and desolation, deserts and extinction.

As these cultures and empires are different from each other, so are the factors that led to their successes and failures. Historians study and analyze these factors, and there are a variety of theories as to why a People rise and fall. Factors may be economic, environmental, geographic, technological, social, cultural, scientific, or other. For this integrated project, you and a partner will research one People and analyze its rise and fall.

A Snapshot of the Project

You will do a research project and submit it in a wiki format.

Introductory Page
This is an overview of your project – includes timeline, maps, graphics
Jointly done

Written Report on the Rise of the People
Time Frame: Rise and “Golden Age” period
Part 1: Essay
Part 2: Research Pages

Partner 1
Written Report on the Decline of the People
Time Frame: “Golden Age” and decline period
Part 1: Essay
Part 2: Research Pages

Partner 2

Mentoring: You will be assisted and evaluated by a mentor, a teacher who will be assigned to the pair.


Important Dates
Grade 10 Assembly
Introduction to Project

Monday March 23rd
Topic Sign Up
Groups: 1-35
Wednesday March 25th
Rm 113 at 3:10 pm

Groups: 36 – 62
Thursday March 26th
Rm 113 at 3:40 pm

Research Time
Wednesday Session – April 1st and April 22nd
Report Deadline
Friday May 1st - wiki will close at end of day.
(Students will do a preliminary post on Wednesday April 29th)
Peer Edit Day
Wednesday May 6th - wiki will open for 4 more days
Final Report Deadline
Monday May 11th - wiki closes at 4:00 pm
Group Project Viewing Activity
Wednesday May 13th

Assessment mark will be incorporated into History, Science and English course marks
Process
Wednesday Mark
Individual mark
· Effective use of class research time (Wednesday sessions + research periods)
· Wednesday Activity – working with other teams’ projects
/10
/10


Introductory Page
20% Joint mark
· Logical & effective organization – all necessary info provided (Title with dates, headings, group members, mentor name)
· Maps are accurate, precise, and demonstrate the changes through
time – longitude and latitude included

· Timeline indicates important developments in the rise and decline
of the People

· Relevant and effective visuals illustrate significant aspects of project
· Proper citation included for all material

Introductory Page should have two links
Link 1: The Rise of The People – the Early Years
Link 2: The Decline of the People – the Later Years


/10

/10

/10

/10
/10




Total: /50
Essay - ( 500-750 words)
45% Individual Mark
· Introduction gets reader’s attention, states thesis clearly
· Ideas and information are accurate, complete and interesting
· Specific historical references are given in support of thesis
· Interpretation of research reveals insightful understanding of People’s Rise/Decline
· Communication Skills – clearly written, easy to follow, paragraphs well structured and organized, correct grammar and punctuation
· Works Cited List/Bibliography – in MLA format, citations throughout the body of essay

/10
/10
/10


/10

/10

/10

Total: /60
Research Summary Pages
35%
Individual Mark

· Presented in point appropriate form format – organized according to the 6 topic
· Main ideas and points are accurate and significant
· Notes demonstrate depth of research and understanding
· Four to six graphics that highlight the strengths and weaknesses effectively
· Sources for each topic properly cited and organized



/10

/10
/10
/10


/10

Total: /50

The mark awarded for the project will be counted as part of the History, English and Science course marks.

Detailed Instructions for the Project

Research Summary
Start your research with general encyclopedia-style sources to get an overview of your People. Then go on to more in-depth Internet sources and books, which will be helpful for in-depth information. Keep notes of bibliographical information for all your sources, so you can later do your MLA style Works Cited List (bibliography).

Important: all information sources must be cited in the body of the research pages and in the essay. There should also be a final bibliography page submitted with the essay.

As you begin your research you will find that for some People, there is a neat subdivision of rise/golden age/ fall. In this case it will be easy for you to subdivide the project into two parts. In other cases it will be more difficult, and the division will be rather the early years (beginning)/ the middle years, and middle years/ later years.

The research summary will be written in point form. Include central ideas without extra words. For example:
The sentence “Fireworks were originally invented in ancient China in the 12th century for entertainment purposes.” should be changed to “- fireworks invented 12th century China for entertainment”


Topics for Research Summary – Choose SIX Topics

Section A - Everyone will do ALL topics in Section A

1. Climate and Geographic Factors: Briefly describe the type of climate (range of temperatures, humidity, proximity to bodies of water etc) and the topology, (mountains, plains etc) of the location. If applicable describe any climatic and seismic factors that would have affected the People.

2. Events and Leaders: Name the major events (wars, epidemics, etc.) and leaders, (i.e. kings, prophets, presidents, warriors, etc.) giving basic information, without much detail unless you think that this was a major determining factor.

Section B - Choose FOUR topics from Section B
Choose well – identify topics that are most significant for your People.

3. Socio-Political Structure: The socio-political structure of the society should be described. What form of government and society did the People have? What were the major social classes? How were different groups (such as males/females, ethnic or religious groups, aristocrats/commoners, etc.) in the society treated? You could include the some of the main social and/or religious values of the culture, if known.

4. Industrial and Artistic Technology: When describing industrial, artisanal (e.g. pottery) or art works of the People, include the methods used in obtaining materials (e.g. pigments for painting) and/or the production of the objects (e.g. heating metals and creating alloys. Contrasting past and present technologies will be useful.

5. Transportation and Weaponry: When describing transportation and weaponry find out details such as the range and speed achieved by the technology. Also investigate the source of energy required to fuel the transportation/weaponry systems. You may want to include the physical principles of mechanisms or chemical formulae involved. Also, if applicable, describe the ocean currents and wind patterns that may have affected routes in commerce and war.

6. Agriculture and the Economy: Describe the methods used in agriculture. (Sometimes you will find information using the keyword ‘economy’.) Investigate what crops were grown, which animals were raised, how the animals were fed. Note that in some societies, you may be looking at hunting and/or gathering. Did the people live in a forested area and if yes, how did they use this resource? Did the people at this time introduce new organisms (plants, animals, bacteria, etc) into their environment and/or did they domesticate any plants or animals? How did all this affect the ecosystem.

7. Energy: What sources were used for energy? Were the energy sources renewable or not? Did the methods of extraction of the energy cause any environmental problems (eg., pollution)? Did the people live in a forested area and if yes, how did they use this resource? How sustainable was their lifestyle?

8. Plagues and Diseases: If a plague or disease was important in the history of your group of peoples, describe the cause or causes and the consequences and cures (if any) of the plagues as understood at the time, and as understood now. Relate the spread of the plague to the way of life of your group of peoples. Focus on issues such as population density, general hygiene, waste disposal and burial customs that could have influenced the spread of the plague.

9. Art, Literature and Music: Describe what is known about this People’s art, literature, music, architecture, etc. Describe the cultural and technical aspects of artistic production. How does this area reflect the culture’s religious and social values?

10. Science and Mathematical Contributions: Were there any major scientific or mathematical contributions? If yes, describe their knowledge, discovery or invention. How did these discoveries influence your Peoples?

Illustrations:
Include four to six illustrations to highlight the achievements and failures of this Peoples, or the legacy of this group of peoples. (e.g. architecture, artifacts, art, literature, etc.). All illustrations must have a proper reference including title and a caption written by the student. You may include these illustrations on separate pages in the wiki or arrange them one after another on the same page.

Citations and Bibliography
You must include citations in the body of your essay and research summary in hyperlink format.
All research sources must be included in the final Bibliography page. You should use the encyclopedia as well as Internet sources and books. The citations should be in MLA style. You will be given more information on this in your library research periods. Also, refer to the school library website under Research Tools for formats, etc.

School library URL: http://www.tdsb.on.ca/libraries/links.asp?schoolNo=5604

Essay (500-750 words)


Your task: write a five-paragraph essay that explores the following central question:

What are the most significant lessons that our world today can learn from the rise/fall of the group of peoples you are studying?

Important: You must support your opinion/conclusions with evidence from your research summary section.

Process

Step One: Working either by yourself or with your partner create a thesis statement, which is your opinion on the central question.


Step Two: Create three supporting arguments (topic sentences) and back each with evidence from the information that you gathered. You should take risks and give your opinion, based on what you have found.

These supporting arguments should not focus on the facts but rather on an analysis of the factors contributing to the group of people's rise, fall, and Golden Age. Focus on how and why things happened the way they did, and then speculate on what we can learn from their successes and mistakes.

Suggested questions for analyzing your period/group of peoples:

  • Why was the People so successful? What factors made it decline or collapse in the end? How are they similar/different to what you see in our world today?
  • What forces/factors contributed to: a) the creation or rise of this group of peoples or nation? b) This group of people's prosperity and peak? c) The end of this People’s Golden Age? Are there lessons to be learned for us today?
  • What forces/factors facilitated or drove the People, and what forces or events hindered their success? Are there similar forces/factors acting on us today?
  • What legacy did the period you are referring to leave for the future of the People and to other future People? How will our legacy be similar/different?
  • How would you evaluate the ecological footprint (effect on the ecosystem) of this People? Are we leaving similar/different footprints?


Step Three: working by yourself, write a five-paragraph essay (500-750 words). It must have the following components to be considered complete:

· a 100-word introductory paragraph that states your main arguments and ends with your underlined thesis statement;
· three 100- to 200-word supporting paragraphs with clear topic sentences, transitions, and evidence, complete with citations; and,
· a 50- to 100-word conclusion that re-emphasizes your thesis statement but does not introduce any new information and includes a clincher or comments on the overall significance of your thesis.



Possible Peoples to study
Asia
  1. Japanese Shogunates
  2. Khmer ( Cambodia)
  3. Korea
  4. Ming Dynasty: China
  5. Mongols and the Mongolian Empire
  6. Mughal India
  7. Nara & Heian Japan
  8. Tang Dynasty China
  9. Thailand
  10. Vedic Era, Rig-Veda India
  11. Vietnam
  12. Yangshao China
  13. Indus Valley: Harappan
  14. Qing (Manchu) Dynasty China
  15. Shang Dynasty China
  16. Gupta Empire India
  17. Angkor Cambodia
  18. Tibet

Central and South America
  1. Inca Empire (pre-Columbus)
  2. Norte Chico (Caral civilization)
  3. Maya
  4. Chola Empire
  5. Spanish Empire

Europe
  1. Ostrogoths
  2. Moorish Spain
  3. Visigoths
  4. Vandals
  5. Russia: From the birth to the fall of the Tsars
  6. USSR
  7. Mycenaean (Helladic) Greece
  8. Roman Empire
  9. Roman Republic
  10. British Empire
  11. Minoan Greece
  12. Anglo-Saxon England
  13. Austro-Hungarian Empire
  14. Celts (Gauls)
  15. Charlemagne and the 8th Century Renaissance
  16. Etruscan Italy
  17. Hellenic (Classical) Greece
  18. Portuguese Empire
  19. Germanic
Oceania (Pacific Area)
  1. Maori
  2. Indigenous Australians
  3. Hawaii

Sub-Saharan Africa
  1. Ancient Mali
  2. Kush
  3. Songhai
  4. Great Zimbabwe
  5. Zulu
  6. Swahili
  7. Hausa
  8. Ancient Ghana

Northern Africa and Middle East
  1. Ancient Egypt: Middle Kingdom
  2. Ancient Egypt: New Kingdom
  3. Ancient Egypt: Old Kingdom
  4. Hellenistic Culture: The Empire after Alexander
  5. Elamite (Iran)
  6. Byzantine Empire
  7. Babylon
  8. Assyrian Empire
  9. Akkadian Empire
  10. Hittite
  11. Sumer
  12. Persian Empire
  13. Phoenician/Carthage
  14. Hebrew/ The Israelites
  15. Khazars
  16. Abbasid Caliphate: Medieval Islam
  17. Ummayad Caliphate: Medieval Islam
  18. Ottoman Empire

North America
  1. Pueblo
  2. Anasazi
  3. Aztec
  4. Viking colony at Greenland
  5. Haida
  6. Navajo
  7. Ojibwe
  8. Cherokee
  9. Iroquois Six Nations Confederacy