1. Climate and Geographic Factors:


Climate:
-Located in the tropical and subtropical Indomalaya ecozone
-Southern climate is tropical while northern climate is more temperate and alpine

-Climate is greatly influenced by the variey of terrain (i.e. Regions of higher elevation received continuous winter snowfall while the Thar Desert attracts humid summer monsoon winds and rainfall.)
Terrain:
Upland plain (Deccan Plateau) to the south, deserts in the west, flood plains in south,
flat coast in the east (provided harbour opportunities - trade) mountain ranges, forest, and jungle, all prone to flood, drought, and monsoon.
Mountain ranges:
Despite the temperate zone in which the mountain ranges are located, the area is lush and subtropical because of humidity
-Himalayan, Hindu Kush, and the Patkai mountains
-natural barrier providing seclusion from attack/invasion
-protection from cold polar winds
-provided water to the rivers that originated there and the surrounding land

Flood plains: vast flood plains of the Indus River in the west and the Ganges in the east provided rich soil.
Bodies of Water:
-Southern region surrounded by three bodies of water: The Arabian Sea (south west), the Indian Ocean (south), and the Bay of Bengal (southeast).
- Many rivers and waterways (including Saraswati (now untraceable) and the water ways of the Indus valley-used for trade and commerce



Pictures:
http://www.4dham.com/go2/Geography_of_India_files/240px-Rathong_from_Zemathang2.jpg
Himalayan Mountains

http://www.4dham.com/go2/Geography_of_India_files/240px-Indiahills.png
Regions of Elevation